林中斌╱贏得自由 失去安全 

聯合報 2015.1.13 A15

http://udn.com/news/story/7340/638773

 

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 自由與民主名言
Quotes on Freedom and Democracy
 
"沒有比自由更美妙的,但是學習如何運用自由, 沒有比它更難的。"

"Nothing is more wonderful than the art of being free, but nothing is harder to learn how to use than freedom."

 
Democracy in America, Alexix de Tocqueville
 
▉美國第二任總統,亞當斯,曾說: "民主總來無法持久。它馬上把自己消耗掉、摧殘掉。從來沒有一個民主不自殺的。"

John Adams, America's second president, once pronounced that "democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts and murders itself. There never was a democracy yet that did ot commit suicide"

 
 "What's gone wrong with democracy", The Economist, March 1, 2014
 
個人淺見是:
1.他顯然錯了。
2.他的警惕使開國元勳戒慎恐懼,採取許多預防措施。所以美國民主延續至今。
3.美國的民主是個混合體,並非民主原型。所以才能活到今天。
4.希望他所說,不要在數百年後延遲實現。
林中斌   2015.1.14

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 Whats gone wrong with democracy

The Economist, March 1, 2014

http://www.economist.com/news/essays/21596796-democracy-was-most-successful-political-idea-20th-century-why-has-it-run-trouble-and-what-can-be-do

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 I am not Charlie Hebdo

David Brooks, International New York Times, JAN. 10, 2015

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/09/opinion/david-brooks-i-am-not-charlie-hebdo.html?_r=0

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 Forget the 1%
 
Economists , NOV 8, 2014
 

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 The Problem With Meaning
 
David Brooks, International New York Times , JAN. 5, 2015

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/06/opinion/david-brooks-the-problem-with-meaning.html



史丹佛傑出校友說:
「我們成長後發現重要的不是知識和技術,而是學到如何避免自我摧毀,如何處理壓力。我們也學到自憐或不滿是最毒的毒藥,我們發現:社會重視聰明才智,但是社會犒賞的是我們的個性。我們也學到:無論如何努力,終有人不喜歡你。
這個教訓開始我們很難接受,但是後來反而讓我們寬心了。」

 

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 An Aging Europe in Decline
 
Arthur C. Brooks, International New York Times , JAN. 6, 2015

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/07/opinion/an-aging-europes-decline.html
 

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 The Western Model Is Broken

Pankaj Mishra, Guardian , OCT 14, 2014

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/oct/14/-sp-western-model-broken-pankaj-mishra


“The Western Model Is Broken”
Pankaj Mishra, Guardian October 14, 2014
西方模式喪失塑造世界力量
印度知名作家潘卡杰˙米什拉文章
參考消息  20141020

 
 
-“過去歐洲沒有一個國家,是在民主的政體下,像今天的中國和印度一般快速發展它的經濟。當歐洲開始工業化的時候,當煙囪在郊外快速林立的時候,當更多的橋樑和鐵路在建造的時候,歐洲沒有國家同時享有個人自由、公民普遍的投票權、和議會制度。
 
“No European country”, Raymond Aron pointed out, “ever went through the phase of economic development which India and China are now experiencing, under a regime that was representative and democratic.” Nowhere in Europe, he wrote in The Opium of Intellectuals, “during the long years when industrial populations were growing rapidly, factory chimneys looming up over the suburbs and railways and bridges being constructed, were personal liberties, universal suffrage and the parliamentary system combined”.
 
-1945年之後,新加坡、台灣、馬來西亞、和南韓的經驗告訴我們:蓬勃的資本主義經濟需要配上限制的民主才行得通。
 
“Singapore, Taiwan, Malaysia and South Korea went on to show, after 1945, that a flourishing capitalist economy always was compatible with the denial of democratic rights.”

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 How Obamas Undercover Statecraft Secured Three Major Accords

MARK LANDLER, International New York Times ,  DEC. 19, 2014

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/19/us/mastering-the-art-of-secret-negotiations.html?_r=0


 
歐巴馬最近三個外交突破的運作原則:
1.: 2-3人談判隊伍
2.外:不屬於外交部官僚系統
3.:守口如瓶
4.: 總統貼身人直接指揮
5.: 早開始、有耐心 (從緬甸突破就開始培養隊伍。北京最後一刻才答應)
請與失敗的馬習會運作(單方面大張旗鼓的要求)對比。

 
 林中斌 2014.12.30

 
Five principles underlined Obama's recent diplomatic breakthroughs(Cuba, Iran, China):
 1. a small team (two at most three trustworthy negotiators)
 2.outside of the bureaucracy: bypassing the State Department
 3. strict discipline (no leaks)
 4.tight control by the White House
 5. early start and patience (all started with Myanmar)
 
Contrast this with the failed, fanfare, one-sided operation under Presient Ma to meet with President Xi.

 
 Chong-Pin Lin December 30, 2014

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