目前分類:佳言共享/ Quotable Quotes (18)

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Optimism over China

Keith Bradsher, International New York Times, September 13, 2017

accessed September 13, 2017

 

陸多項指標衰退

梁世煌 旺報 2017915

https://ctee.com.tw/News/Content.aspx?id=837287&yyyymmdd=20170915&h=76e777813df49eba605aaccd339dbc2b

accessed September 15, 2017

 

●中國經濟轉好。原來唱衰中國經濟言論轉向。

●表面原因是:1.人民幣強勢,匯率升值。

              2.股票市場上升。

●深層原因是:1.北京嚴格限制金錢外流。

              2.北京嚴打中國菁英在國際上浪費金錢購買公司、房地產等。

●外交效應:川普原先指責北京故意壓低人民幣對美金匯率,但因人民幣升值,此指責則失去力度。

林中斌 2017.9.15

 

”...Some vocal naysayers say the country has found ways to contain its problems.”

”Maybe China is the black swan and everything we know does not apply to China,” said Zhu Ning, a Tsinghua University economist who published a book last year critical of how the government has managed rising bank debt.

Chong-Pin Lin September 15, 2017

 

NYT唱旺中國經濟,北京自己唱衰中國經濟。為何?「能而示之不能」?

林中斌 2017.9.15

 

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Spies Like Us: To Understand Britain, Read Its Spy Novels

Economist, September 9, 2017

https://www.economist.com/news/britain/21728650-nature-establishment-agonies-decline-complicated-tug-patriotism-spy

accessed September 9, 2017

 

●英國間諜小說之大師作者如007的佛萊明(Ian Flemming)和《鍋匠、裁縫、士兵、間諜》的勒卡雷(John Le Carré)都實際上做過間諜。

20世紀英國文學大師也多做過間諜:如毛姆(William Somerset Maugham),格林(Graham Greene)

●最妙的是1992-96主持英國情報組織M15的女爵士雷明頓(Stella Rimington)退休後也開始寫間諜小說。

林中斌 摘錄 2017.9.15

 

Not only Ian Flemming of James Bond’s fame and John Le Carré who created George Smiley had been actual spies.

But also, great literature figures such as Somerset Maugham and Graham Greene had worked as spies.

Even Dame Stella Rimington, head of M15 in 1992-96, has taken to writing spy novels in retirement.

Chong-Pin Lin September 15, 2017

Ian Fleming

 

John le Carré

 

Somerset Maugham

 

Graham Greene

 

Dame Stella Rimington

 

FEW countries have dominated any industry as Britain has dominated the industry of producing fictional spies. Britain invented the spy novel with Rudyard Kipling’s dissection of the Great Game in “Kim” and John Buchan’s adventure stories. It consolidated its lead with Somerset Maugham’s Ashenden stories and Graham Greene’s invention of “Greeneland”. It then produced the world’s two most famous spooks: James Bond, the dashing womaniser, and George Smiley, the cerebral cuckold, who reappears this week in a new book.

 

What accounts for this success? One reason is the revolving door between the secret establishment and the literary establishment. Some of the lions of British literature worked as spies. Maugham was sent to Switzerland to spy for Britain under cover of pursuing his career as a writer. Greene worked for the intelligence services. Both Ian Fleming, the creator of Bond, and John le Carré, the creator of Smiley, earned their living as spies. Dame Stella Rimington, head of MI5 in 1992-96, has taken to writing spy novels in retirement. It is as if the secret services are not so much arms of the state as creative-writing schools.

 

Another reason is that British reality has often been stranger than fiction. The story of the “Cambridge spies”—Kim Philby, Anthony Blunt, Guy Burgess and the rest—is as far-fetched as it gets. One Soviet mole at the top of MI6 (Philby, who also worked for The Economist in Beirut); another even looking after the queen’s pictures (Blunt); a cover-up; a dash to the safety of the Soviet Union; larger-than-life characters such as the compulsively promiscuous and permanently sozzled Burgess.

There is also a more profound reason for Britain’s success. The spy novel is the quintessential British fictional form in the same way that the Western is quintessentially American. Britain’s best spy novelists are so good precisely because they use the genre to explore what it is that makes Britain British: the obsession with secrecy, the nature of the establishment, the agonies of imperial decline and the complicated tug of patriotism.

 

Britain is honeycombed with secretive institutions, particularly public schools and Oxbridge colleges, which have their own private languages. At Eton, for example, where Fleming was educated and Mr le Carré taught for a while, boys dress in tailcoats and call their teachers “beaks” and their terms “halves”. Walter Bagehot argued (approvingly) that Britain weaves duplicity into its statecraft. The constitution rests on a distinction between an “efficient” branch which governs behind the scenes, and a “dignified” branch which puts on a show for the people.

 

The British habitually wear masks to conceal their true selves. They put on different costumes for different roles in Bagehot’s theatre of state, and keep stiff upper lips to conceal their emotions. Mr le Carré (whose real name is David Cornwell) learned to put on a brave face at school because he was so embarrassed by his father, who was a professional confidence trickster. Greene learned the spymaster’s art when, as a pupil at Berkhamsted School, he acted as an informer for his father, the headmaster.

 

The British establishment is not only a perfect machine for producing secrets and lies. It also produces the mavericks and misfits who thrive in the secret world. Establishment types seem to come in two varieties: smooth conformists who do everything by the rules, and mavericks who break every rule but are nevertheless tolerated because they are members of the club. The first type is sent into the Foreign Office and the second into MI6. The best spy novels are like distorting mirrors in fairgrounds: by exaggerating this or that feature of Establishment Man, they allow the reader to understand the ideal form.

 

The other great theme in British spy novels is geopolitical decline. How can people who were “trained to Empire, trained to rule the waves”, as one of Mr le Carré’s characters puts it, bear to live in a world in which the waves are ruled by other powers and statecraft is reduced to providing fuel for the welfare state? Fleming’s novels are full of laments about Britain’s “crumbling empire” and its dependency-producing state. “You have not only lost a great empire,” Tiger Tanaka, a Japanese spy, tells Bond, “you have seemed almost anxious to throw it away with both hands.” Mr le Carré once described Britain as a country where “failed socialism is being replaced by failed capitalism”. The Circus, as he called the secret service’s headquarters, is a physical manifestation of decline: cramped, shoddy, reeking of rising damp, just one hasty repair away from collapse.

 

Nobody does it better

Why remain loyal to a country that has made such a mess of things and to an establishment soaked in hypocrisy? Mr le Carré’s traitors (like the Cambridge spies who inspired them) betray their country not for money but because they have transferred their patriotism to the Soviet Union. But what makes Britain’s best spy novels so good is that they toy with disillusionment only to reject it. For all its faults, they say, Britain is the best of a bad lot. Bond is so besotted with his country that he boasts that “British food is the best in the world”. For all his professed Europeanness in the new novel, Smiley is the model of a British gentleman.

 

And spying provides Britain with a way of reclaiming its greatness, by excelling in the most sophisticated form of foreign policy. The Americans have the money and the bluster, but the British have the brains to spend it wisely and restrain the Americans from going over the top. Felix Leiter, Bond’s opposite number in the CIA, admits that Bond is playing “in a bigger league” than he is. Smiley is more subtle than his “cousins” in America. The secret at the heart of the British spy novel is that Britain is much better than it seems. The writers agonise over decline and hypocrisy, only to conclude that the British are cleverer and more civilised than anybody else. A comforting illusion wrapped in a tale of disillusionment: you can’t get more British than that.

 

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拉古薩:自由繁榮和平的小國

林中斌 聯合報 201796A15

https://udn.com/news/story/7340/2684904

accessed September 7, 2017

 

●碧海、藍天、紅瓦、白崖。

南歐巴爾幹半島的古堡港都杜伯尼克(Dubrovnik)是近年世界旅遊熱點。各國人士,像潮水般的穿梭於光滑的白玉大道,進出王宮高牆,笙歌達旦。九○年初南斯拉夫內戰的彈孔和燒焦的樑棟已成褪色的記憶遠去。和平繁榮真是美好!

這獲得「亞得里亞海之珠」美稱的渡假勝地曾是「拉古薩共和國」(Republic of Ragusa 以下簡稱拉古薩)所在地。其歷史(一三五八至一八○八)長達四百五十年,壽命超過了漢朝(四二二年)、唐朝(二八九年)、宋朝(三一九年)、明朝(二七六年)、清朝(二六八年)

拉古薩靠航海貿易立國,不靠武力,但在周邊強權覬覦下維持獨立,享有自由、和平與繁榮。它立國的格言遍示於國門和船隊國旗上¬:「天下金買,自由不賣。」它屹立不搖的秘訣何在?

●謙遜中立的外交: 拉古薩建國之前曾是當時海上強權威尼斯的領土,但人民渴望自由,日益不滿。一三五八年,威尼斯敗於陸上強權匈牙利。拉古薩的貴族們在匈牙利的保護下獨立建國,拉古薩名義上是匈牙利的屬國,向匈牙利進貢,但實際上充分自主。

一四五八年,匈牙利敗於鄂圖曼帝國。於是,信奉天主教的拉古薩成為信奉伊斯蘭教的鄂圖曼帝國的屬國。雖然每年進貢,拉古薩依然自主,商船掛自己國旗,可任意與他國簽約。此外,拉古薩商船在鄂圖曼帝國勢力範圍內航行無阻,享有關稅全免等優待。同時,拉古薩成為西歐天主教國家與鄂圖曼帝國貨物交流的橋樑。雙方都因為拉古薩自由港而獲益。

十六世紀末期,海上強權西班牙帝國崛起。拉古薩把商船置於西班牙帝國的保護下。條件是,拉古薩參與西班牙帝國的海上軍事行動不能抵觸鄂圖曼帝國的利益。

一六八三年,鄂圖曼帝國敗於奧地利帝國。從次年起,拉古薩成為鄂圖曼帝國和奧地利帝國的雙屬國,依然保持自主,並嚴守中立,歷經一七五六至六三「七年之戰」等都不變。一八○八年,拿破崙席捲歐陸,精彩的拉古薩共和國才結束。

●開明先進的內政:拉古薩由貴族統治但一四一八年便廢除奴隸制,高度尊重自由。一三○一年引入醫療服務。一三四七年開設老人收容所。一三七七年開設傳染病隔離醫院。一四三二年開設孤兒院。這些社會措施都走在時代前端。

●融合互助的族群: 拉古薩原分互相敵視的拉丁和斯拉夫族群,十二世紀前分住城市的兩側,中間有沼澤相隔。後來,雙方言和,填起窪地變成城市中心的廣場。相互往來,不再分彼此。

●活躍國際的公民:一四九七年,拉古薩與興起的法國簽約通商。兩國文武人才頻繁的交流。許多拉古薩貴族活躍於巴黎大學(Sorbonne)。一六八三年,鄂圖曼帝國敗於奧地利帝國。為奧地利帝國打敗鄂圖曼帝國的野戰元帥竟然是拉古薩貴族袞杜利區(Frano Đivo Gundulić)。一八○○年,拉古薩在國際上八十多城市及海港駐有外交官。

對也是小國的台灣而言,以上歷史難道毫無啟發?

作者為前華府喬治大學外交學院講座教授,曾任國防部副部長,甫發表新書《撥雲見日:破解台美中三方困局》

 

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對岸轉向主動統一?林中斌:買台灣比打台灣便宜

陳重生 綜合報導 20170914 

https://newtalk.tw/news/view/2017-09-14/97736

accessed September 14, 2017

 

●這是一篇根據913日多維新聞網綜合媒體報導所貼的文字。標題中的話"對岸轉向主動統一"是新加坡國立大學東亞研究所所長鄭永年所說。其他部分如北京對台手段第四種個選項、台灣忽略北京超軍事手段等是在下新書發表會所提書中的觀念。敬請賜教。

林中斌 2017.9.15

 

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兩性專家分析男女大腦的不同,精闢演說讓網友直呼「超中肯」(中文字幕)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jlulunyzS9U

accessed September 13, 2017

 

Man's brain is typified by linear sequential logic, or the left-hemisphere thinking. Whereas woman's brain tends be holistic or the right-hemisphere thinking.

Chong-Pin Lin September 13, 2017

 

●一個般說來,男人大腦傾向線性邏輯的思維,主要是左半腦發達。女人大腦傾向"事事相關"的思維,主要是右半腦發達。

淺見如上,敬請賜教。

林中斌 2017.9.13

 

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Robert Conquest, Historian Who Documented Soviet Horrors, Dies at 98
WILLIAM GRIMES, The New York Times, August 4, 2015
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/05/arts/international/robert-conquest-historian-who-documented-soviet-horrors-dies-at-98.html?_r=0
  Accessed August 14, 2015

155cd902f8b5c1  

他出身英國上層社會,詩人、科幻迷,牛津畢業後參加共產黨。二次大戰從軍,負責情報,發現史大林屠殺兩千萬人民。之後成為蘇聯研究權威、歷史大師、極端反共。常常依據和別人一樣的資料做出與人不同的正確判斷。
他認為史大林的殘暴是列寧的延續,只不過變本加厲。也就是說,史大林並非特例或變種。
以上照片攝於2010年,他93歲。

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 漫畫”Humor”
TOLES, International New York Times, June 5, 2015
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/10/opinion/jihads-new-frontier-tajikistan.html 
accessed June 15, 2015

 

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無量義經
 
 
以下一段對個人頗有啟發,是以分享:
是經復有『十不思議功德力』不?
大莊嚴菩薩言:「願樂欲聞。」
佛言:「善男子!
       第一:是經,能令菩薩未發心者,發菩提心;
       無慈仁者,起於慈心;
       好殺戮者,起大悲心;
       生嫉妒者,起隨喜心;
       有愛著者,起能捨心;
       諸慳貪 (小氣) 者,起布施心;
       多憍慢者,起持戒心;
       瞋恚盛者,起忍辱心」
節錄自無量義經

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 自由與民主名言
Quotes on Freedom and Democracy
 
"沒有比自由更美妙的,但是學習如何運用自由, 沒有比它更難的。"

"Nothing is more wonderful than the art of being free, but nothing is harder to learn how to use than freedom."

 
Democracy in America, Alexix de Tocqueville
 
▉美國第二任總統,亞當斯,曾說: "民主總來無法持久。它馬上把自己消耗掉、摧殘掉。從來沒有一個民主不自殺的。"

John Adams, America's second president, once pronounced that "democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts and murders itself. There never was a democracy yet that did ot commit suicide"

 
 "What's gone wrong with democracy", The Economist, March 1, 2014
 
個人淺見是:
1.他顯然錯了。
2.他的警惕使開國元勳戒慎恐懼,採取許多預防措施。所以美國民主延續至今。
3.美國的民主是個混合體,並非民主原型。所以才能活到今天。
4.希望他所說,不要在數百年後延遲實現。
林中斌   2015.1.14

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 Americas Broken Politics
 
NICHOLAS KRISTOF, International New York Times,  NOV. 7, 2014
 
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/06/opinion/nicholas-kristof-americas-political-dysfunction.html?_r=0

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 A way out for Kiev and Moscow
Anatol Lieven, International New York Times,  SEPT. 3, 2014
 
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/04/opinion/a-way-out-for-kiev-and-moscow.html
 

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Finland's lesson for Ukraine
Rene Nyberg, International New York Times,  SEPT. 2, 2014
What is Finland's secret for keeping its independence, democracy, market economy, and membership in the West while being a neighbor of the former SU or today's Russia? Listen to its former ambassador to Moscow.
 
芬蘭,作為前蘇聯現俄羅斯鄰居,從未被紅軍佔領過,仍保有民主制度,有市場經濟,是西方陣營一員 。祕訣何在?且聽前芬蘭駐莫斯科大使娓娓道來。台灣呢?
 
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/03/opinion/finlands-lesson-for-ukraine.html
 

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 “This piece is well balanced, and written with depth and nuance. It is perhaps the best among all articles commemorating June 4, 1989 Tiananmen event this year.”
Chong-Pin Lin June 13, 2014
 
The Legacy of Tiananmen Square
by Johan Lagerkvist  YaleGlobal  June 3, 2014
http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/legacy-tiananmen-square

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  A quotable quote‏from Gandhi


 

"The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of
others." ~ Gandhi

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The Iron Lady (2011) Movie: Quote


Margaret Thatcher:

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Dalai Lama on Humanity


Dalai Lama when asked what surprised him most about humanity, answered:

 

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John Wooden’s Quote

 

John Wooden is a basket ball coach, he was listed in the hall of fame for both player and coach, there are only 3 person achieved this state.  He passed away in 2010 at age 100!!

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