目前分類:參考讀物/Reading materials (77)

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He is very honest, and says bluntly what most have already known.
However, the factors he ignores are
1. China is evolving spiritually besides materially. Xi Jinping is not an atheist, and so are Li Keqiang, Ma Kai....(not to mention Hu Jintao, Jiang Zemin......)
2. Taiwan has its strength in the society which provides a catalyst to slowly and gardually transform the nature of the hegemon China.
3. The 21st century differs from the past in that economics takes command, and people's satisfaction ultimately decides the survival of a regime, either democratic or non-democratic (e.g. The former Soviet Union)
Chong-Pin Lin  February 26, 2014
簡單說: 1.中國在演化,不只物質上,心靈上也是。習李皆非無神論者。
3. 21世紀不同於以往在於經濟掛帥,人民滿意度決定政權最後的存廢。君不見前蘇聯如何突然崩潰?
林中斌  2014年 2月26

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                                                                                   林中斌  201436

This is a balanced analysis of the Crimean situation, quite different from the U.S.-centered view of the world. Yet the author teaches in the U.S. and can point out the aggressive tradition of the Russians as well.  His final suggestion transcends the confines of the fashionable “national interest” justification of all state behaviors.     
                                                                 Chong-Pin Lin March 6, 2014

Crimea, the Tinderbox
By CHARLES KING   New York Times MARCH 1, 2014

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/03/opinion/crimea-the-tinderbox.html?hp&rref=opinion&_r=0  accessed March 7, 2014

The United States typically interprets its own actions through the lens of its principles. It reads the principles of other countries from their behavior. In most instances that leads to precisely the hypocrisies that Russia, China and other countries find so easy to condemn.

The Crimean affair is a grand experiment in Mr. Putin’s strategy of equivalence: countering every criticism of his government’s behavior with a page from the West’s own playbook.


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                                                                                                林中斌 2012.12.30 印度
      “Beijing will resume contact with Dalai Lama” so wrote I in the October 31, 2012 oped entitled “Xi Jinping and Buddhism” in United Daily News. I, at the time, did not know that 5 days ago, an Indian news source had already published a report (see the following posting)revealing that Xi Jinping sent an envoy to Dharamsala to contact Dalai Lama on August 26. My further investigation suggests: Mr. Xiao Wunan might not have carried a letter from Xi Jinping to Dalai Lama, but he was courteous, optimistic, somewhat vague, intent on learning what Dharamsala’s thinking was, and did not claim to represent anyone important in Beijing which set him apart from many other namedropping visitors from Beijing who claimed to represent certain VIPs in Beijing. That made him look more like the real emissary.    
                                              Chong-Pin Lin Dec. 30, 2012 India

A concerned dragon: China fresh overture to Tibetans
Jayadeva Ranade | Agency: DNA | Friday, October 26, 2012

      As China prepares to usher in a new leadership at the 18th Party Congress scheduled to open in Beijing on November 8, there is mounting concern in senior echelons of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) at the rising resentment in the ethnic Tibetan minority.

      Particularly worrying would have been the self-immolation on October 15, by the grandfather of the 10-year old Beijing-recognised VIIth Gungthang Rinpoche, which highlights the strained relationship between Tibetans and Communist authorities. A new feature is that recently thousands of Tibetans, disregarding heavy armed police presence, assemble at sites of the self-immolations to pray for the deceased and mark the spot.

                                                                   In a recent apparent bid to ease these tensions, Chinese authorities quietly sent an emissary and contacted Tibetan leaders in Dharamsala. Thinly cloaked as a venture of ‘Asia Pacific Exchange and Cooperation Foundation’ (APECF), a Chinese government-sponsored NGO manned by Chinese Communist Party (CCP) cadres, the initiative seeks to revive plans to consolidate and expand China’s presence in Nepal and ingress India and its border regions, ostensibly by encouraging Buddhist tourism in Lumbini in Nepal. At least one executive director of APECF has links to China’s military establishment.

      Xiao Wunan, a senior CCP cadre and executive vice president of APECF visited India and was received in Dharamsala on August 16 by the Dalai Lama, Lobsang Sangay, then ‘Kalon Tripa’ (prime minister) of the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) and Ugyen Thinley Dorjee, who is formally approved by the Dalai Lama and Beijing as the XVIIth Gyalwa Karmapa, or head of the Karma Kargyu sect. Xiao Wunan was accompanied by Gong Tingyu, a Deputy Secretary General of APECF and Simon Kei Shek Ming, reportedly a journalist of the Hong Kong magazine Yazhou Zhoukan.

      During his meeting with the Dalai Lama, Xiao Wunan probably carried a personal message from a senior Chinese leader, possibly Xi Jinping. He could have informed the Dalai Lama that he was welcome to spend his last days in Beijing provided he gave up ‘anti-China’ activities and expressed support for the Communist regime.

      Xiao Wunan’s meeting with Lobsang Sangay, elected head of the CTA, is significant. It suggests Beijing may be willing to talk to its representatives. Lobsang Sangay is also ‘known’ to the UFWD for facilitating contacts between Chinese academics and the Dalai Lama. Coincidentally, within a month of the meeting the designation of the Head of the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) was changed from ‘Kalon Tripa’ (or prime minister) to the less controversial — from Beijing’s perspective —’Sikyong’ (or political leader).

      Xiao Wunan’s meeting with Ugyen Thinley Dorjee reportedly ended abruptly when the monk took offence at the tenor of his questions. Xiao Wunan’s photograph with Ugyen Thinley Dorjee is, however, posted on APECF’s website.
     Xiao Wunan also visited Nalanda when he met officials of the proposed university and assured financial assistance. In Delhi he met officials in the Ministries of Culture and Tourism. Returning to Kathmandu, Xiao Wunan disingenuously announced that APECF now has the support of the Government of India and would be organising three and four-day package tours for Buddhist pilgrims travelling from Lumbini to India
      Interestingly, Xiao Wunan separated from an official Chinese delegation visiting Kathmandu to visit India. The Chinese delegation included Zou Lanming, vice general manager of the Lanzhou-based China Railway 21st Bureau. Xiao Wunan’s presence could suggest China plans to extend the railway from Xigaze to possibly Lumbini, on the border with India. A month later Xiao Wunan announced that APECF had signed an MoU with UK’s Vertical Theme Park (VTP) Group for a Lumbini Cloud Tower project, with the Nepal Government’s approval.
Nepal’s My Republica on October 11, reported the Nepal Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation’s denial that it was aware of any deal to develop Lumbini as an ‘international peace city’. Prachanda, leader of the Unified Communist Party-Marxist Leninist (UCP-ML), however, continues to be a vice president of APECF.

     Meanwhile the CCP’s policy governing Tibetans, of combining economic incentives with intense political persuasion, remains unchanged. In an unusually candid interview to the Party mouthpiece People’s Daily on September 21, 2012, Chen Quanguo, party secretary of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), enumerated the economic benefits extended to the people of Tibet. Disclosing measures to ensure ‘social stability’, he listed that 21,804 cadres had been sent to work in 5,451 administrative villages, that the Party had compiled complete sets of files and that 698 police stations had been established. All monasteries and temples now have photographs of the ‘four leaders’ (Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao), the national flag and a copy each of the People’s Daily and Tibet Daily. A project has also been started to ‘cultivate’ 100 senior monks and ‘guide’ Tibetan Buddhism to ‘adapt itself to socialist society’.

The author is a former additional secretary in the Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India

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林中斌,"近平與佛教”聯合報 2012.10.31 A4



20121207 印度高官爆中共密使晤達賴 帶去習近平書信



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Chong-Pin Lin,Chinese Military Modernization: Perceptions,

Progress, and Prospects

Chong-Pin Lin,“Chinese Military Modernization: Perceptions, Progress, and Prospects” Security Studies, summer 1994 p.742.

Chong-Pin Lin,“Chinese Military Modernization: Perceptions, Progress, and Prospects” Security Studies, summer 1994 pp.718-753.

Download Link: https://docs.google.com/open?id=0B7GUQTtcorbzWnU0VkdQLUZTaFE

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Chong-pin Lin:“The Role of the Peoples Liberation Army in the Process of Reunification: Exploring the Possibilities” 1993


Chong-pin Lin:“The Role of the People’s Liberation Army in the Process of Reunification: Exploring the Possibilities” China's Military: The PLA in 1992/1993 (Boulder, Colorado:Westview, 1993)  p.170.


Chong-pin Lin:“The Role of the People’s Liberation Army in the Process of Reunification: Exploring the Possibilities” China's Military: The PLA in 1992/1993 (Boulder, Colorado:Westview, 1993) pp.161-179.

Download Link:https://docs.google.com/open?id=0B7GUQTtcorbzRklRYndrd2x0V1k

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Chong-Pin Lin,Red Fist:Chinas

Army in Transition
” February 1995

Chong-Pin Lin,''Red Fist:China's Army in Transition'' International Defense Review, February 1995 p.34.

Chong-Pin Lin,''Red Fist:China's Army in Transition'' International Defense Review, February 1995  pp.30-34.

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    這是青年朋友鄭榮欣于20096月訪問中國時報名記者亓樂義的文稿。內容對研究中國或其他國政治軍事問題頗有參考價值。 林中斌2012.11.1




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 INSIGHT-Does China's next leader have a soft spot for Tibet?

By Benjamin Kang Lim and Frank Jack Daniel

BEIJING/DHARAMSALA, Aug 31, 2012 (Reuters) - For decades, Beijing has maintained that the Dalai Lama is a separatist, but Tibet's exiled spiritual leader once had a special relationship with the father of Xi Jinping, the man in line to become China's next president.

Few people know what Xi, whose ascent to the leadership is likely to be approved at a Communist Party congress later this year, thinks of Tibet or the Dalai Lama.

    But his late father, Xi Zhongxun (習仲勛), a liberal-minded former vice premier, had a close bond with the Tibetan leader who once gave the elder Xi an expensive watch in the 1950s, a gift that the senior party official was still wearing decades later.

    The Dalai Lama, 77, recalls the elder Xi as "very friendly, comparatively more open-minded, very nice" and says he only gave watches back then to those Chinese officials he felt close to.

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20120915 The leader vanishes

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520專題/軍事》兩岸軍事失衡 豈可持續弱化國防

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20120520 林中斌:馬最缺的 是大戰略

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Election Campaign Tips From Cicero


Foreign Affairs   May/ June2012


林中斌序:競選抹黑在兩千年前的羅馬民主就有了。那還是雄辯家-西賽洛所採取的作法。結果呢? 輸掉選舉的人不服,起兵掀起內戰。民主為獨裁所取代。共和結束成為帝國。廿年後,西賽洛死於戰場。

勿忘:歐巴馬拒絕抹黑對手。                  (2012. 5.15)

Chong-Pin Lin’s Note: Negative campaigning is nothing new to politics. It had existed two thousand years ago in the Roman Republic, and was adopted by the famous orator Marcus Tullius Cicero. He is known to us as the one who conquered his stuttering by practicing public speech on the beach with a pebble in the mouth.

What happened to Cicero’s election campaign? He won. But his rival who apparently refused to accept the result took to armed rebellion and was killed in battle. Cicero, two decades later, was also killed in the civil wars. And the democracy became dictatorship, while the Roman Republic was replaced the Roman Empire.

President Bill Clinton won his elections thanks to campaign strategist James Carville who introduced Cicero’s campaign manual written by the latter’s brother. Carville honestly or unabashedly admitted that he began applying negative campaign tactics soon after his college graduation.

 What will become of America’s democracy? What will become of Taiwan’s democracy modeled after the U.S.?

A reminder: In 2008, Barack Obama refused to engage in smearing campaigns. He only pushed back when attacked by his opponent. (May 15, 2012)



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20120507 By the time Barack Obama became president, the trail to Osama Bin Laden had long gone cold

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Chong-Pin Lin, "Beijing and Taipei: Dialectics in the Post-Tiananmen Interactions" 

China Quarterly December 1993 pp.770-804

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20120323The Chinese Communist Party and Its Emerging Next-Generation Leaders 

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Download Link: https://docs.google.com/open?id=0B2CEVviUgny1U1RYVEJQcVJrSFU
First step: enter the link


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Download Link: https://docs.google.com/open?id=0B2CEVviUgny1dWd5dldtektxcUU

First step:
enter the link

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Attention:To students who major the course of  PRC Foreign Relations 

The assignment of 4/25

To compare two articles:

1. Chong-Pin Lin, “Beijing’s Agile Tactics on Taiwan”


2. Chong-Pin Lin, “More Carrot Than Stick: Beijing’s Emerging Taiwan Policy”



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